Incidence of diabetes has been growing worldwide over the last 20 years. Due to its impact on health worldwide, a search for novel treatment options for diabetes has been undertaken. Two promising compounds for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus are linagliptin and empagliflozin.
Linagliptin is an inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). DPP-4 is expressed in a wide variety of cells, and performs various functions in these cells. In diabetes, inhibition of DPP-4 leads to an increase of insulin and lowering of blood glucose. Linagliptin is efficacious in rodent models mimicking type 1 diabetes. Linagliptin reduces oxidative stress to levels of normal rats, lessens incidence of cardiac injury. Additionally, linagliptin reduces renal injury and ameliorates kidney fibrosis in the same streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes rodent model.
Empagliflozin is an inhibitor of sodium glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT-2). Empagliflozin lowers the amount of blood glucose and increases the amount of insulin found in Zucker diabetic fatty rats. It also reduces cardiovascular stress in type 2 diabetes mice models with prolonged treatment.
Combined treatment with lingaliptin/empagliflozin in human subjects showed modest weight loss, and no incidents of hypoglycemia.
Linagliptin and Empagliflozin are now available from LKT Laboratories, Inc. for your research needs.
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